Although this book was published over 10 years ago, a friend sent me a recent review that revived my interest in the brief British sojourn in Manila.
On 23 September 1762, a British Force landed off Manila and by 7 October the Spanish had surrendered not only Manila but the whole of the Philippines. At the Treaty of Paris (10 February 1763) Britain traded Manila along with Cuba for Florida and Spanish withdrawal from Portugal. Like Cuba, the Philippines was part of the British empire for only a few months and remained securely in the Spanish empire until the Spanish-American war of 1898. If they had stayed longer perhaps we might now be celebrating the victory of the Philippines in the football World Cup.
It was not clear to me from the review whether the book deals with one of the stranger consequences of the occupation. A group of Indian sepoys with the British forces mutinied and went to live in Rizal, a province near Manila. The sepoys intermarried with the Filipinos, leading to the distinctive features of people from Cainta, Rizal.
Here is a taster from the review:
The British had conceived a bold plan to attack Manila even before Spain's entry into the Seven Years war in January 1762 … The inspiration for the attack was as much dreams of loot as plans for commercial advantage or geopolitical advantage, and the expedition received limited support from the East India Company. But General William Draper and Vice Admiral Samuel Cornish managed to assemble in Madras a force of around 1750 soldiers (the 79th regiment, sepoys, and French deserters and other assorted troops), eight ships of the line, three frigates, and four store ships. Despite problems with elderly ships and the dangers of largely uncharted waters, all but two store ships arrived in Manila Bay on 23 September 1762.
An immediate attack was a success. A landing south of Manila was followed by a bombardment and an assault, leading to a capitulation by October 7th. Acting governor Archbishop Antonio Rojo provided uninspiring leadership and surrendered the citadel and the port of Cavite as soon as the city fell.
Thanks for the info Butch.
Nicholas Tracy, Manila Ransomed: The British Assault on Manila in the Seven Years War, University of Exeter Press, 1995.